Home / News / Industry News / What are the 3 main types of nonwoven fabric?

What are the 3 main types of nonwoven fabric?

Nonwoven fabrics are engineered fabrics made from fibers that are bonded together through various methods rather than being woven or knitted. Here are the three main types of nonwoven fabrics:

1. Spunbond Nonwoven Fabric
Production Process: Spunbond nonwoven fabric is made by extruding thermoplastic polymers (such as polypropylene) through a spinneret to form continuous filaments. These filaments are laid down randomly to form a web and then bonded together using heat and pressure.
Characteristics: Spunbond fabrics are strong, durable, and have good dimensional stability. They are also lightweight and can be produced quickly and efficiently.
Applications: They are commonly used in medical textiles (like surgical gowns and masks), hygiene products (such as diapers and sanitary napkins), agriculture (crop covers), and industrial applications (geotextiles, filtration).

2. Meltblown Nonwoven Fabric
Production Process: Meltblown nonwoven fabric is made by extruding molten polymer through a spinneret to form fine filaments. These filaments are then blown by high-speed hot air onto a conveyor belt or a collecting screen, creating a web of microfibers that are bonded together.
Characteristics: Meltblown fabrics have a fine fiber structure, making them very effective at filtering particles. They are also soft, lightweight, and have good barrier properties.
Applications: Meltblown fabrics are widely used in filtration applications (such as face masks and air filters), absorbent products (oil spill cleanup materials), and insulation materials.

3. Needle-Punched Nonwoven Fabric
Production Process: Needle-punched nonwoven fabric is made by mechanically bonding a web of fibers using barbed needles. The needles punch through the web, entangling the fibers to create a cohesive fabric.
Characteristics: Needle-punched fabrics are strong, durable, and can be made thick or thin depending on the application. They also have good abrasion resistance and are relatively inexpensive to produce.
Applications: These fabrics are used in geotextiles (road construction, erosion control), automotive interiors (carpets, trunk liners), industrial felts (papermaking felts), and home furnishings (mattress pads, furniture padding).

The three main types of nonwoven fabrics are spunbond, meltblown, and needle-punched. Each type is produced through different processes and has unique characteristics and applications, ranging from medical and hygiene products to industrial and geotextile uses.